Philip Morris International (PMI) commissioned an independent survey by research company Povaddo in December 2020. It aimed to explore attitudes regarding the role of smoke-free alternatives, as well as expectations toward governments and the industry. Over 22,000 adults from 20 countries and territories across six continents took part.
For the key specifications of this survey, click here.
S1: Please indicate your gender
5% Hong Kong
S2. How old are you?
5% South Africa
5% United Kingdom
5% United States
Please indicate whether you regularly use, occasionally use, formerly use, or have never used each of the following:
|Regularly use||Occasionally use||Formerly use||Never used|
|Heat-not-burn tobacco products||4%||5%||8%||84%|
|Liquid washing detergent||72%||16%||6%||7%|
Q1. How optimistic are you that 2021 will be a better year than 2020?
65% Total optimistic
31% Total not optimistic
23% Very optimistic
42% Somewhat optimistic
23% Not very optimistic
8% Not optimistic at all
Q2. Still thinking about the year ahead, for each of the following, please indicate whether you believe it will improve, remain the same, or worsen?
|Will improve in 2021||Will remain the same in 2021||Will worsen in 2021|
|Global public health||49%||32%||19%|
|Public health in your country||48%||34%||18%|
|Your personal financial situation||40%||44%||15%|
|The global economy||40%||29%||31%|
|The economy in your country||40%||28%||32%|
Q3. Do you believe governments have a responsibility to embrace the latest scientific and technological developments?
88% Total yes
5% Total no
49% Yes – definitely
1% No – definitely not
Q4. For each of the following, please indicate whether you believe they have a responsibility to embrace the latest scientific and technological developments. [IF Q3=“YES – DEFINITELY” OR “YES”, ASK:]
|Yes definitely||Yes||No||No - definitely not||Unsure||Total yes||Total no|
|Your national/federal government||52%||43%||2%||1%||2%||95%||3%|
|Intergovernmental organizations such as the World Health Organization||53%||39%||3%||1%||3%||92%||4%|
|Your state/regional government||42%||49%||5%||1%||3%||91%||6%|
|Your local government||39%||50%||6%||1%||4%||89%||8%|
March 15, 2021
Povaddo survey results
66% Total hopeful
29% Total not hopeful
21% Very hopeful
44% Somewhat hopeful
24% Not very hopeful
6% Not at all hopeful
Q6. Generally speaking, do you believe governments have done a good job or a poor job ensuring that society has access to the latest scientific and technological developments?
51% Total good job
41% Total poor job
9% Good job – strongly
42% Good job – somewhat
29% Poor job – somewhat
12% Poor job – strongly
Q7. Do you believe businesses have a responsibility to embrace the latest scientific and technological developments?
81% Total yes
11% Total no
31% Yes – definitely
1% No – definitely not
Q8. And, how hopeful are you that businesses will actually embrace the latest scientific and technological developments?
76% Total hopeful
18% Total not hopeful
23% Very hopeful
53% Somewhat hopeful
15% Not very hopeful
2% Not at all hopeful
Q9. Generally speaking, do you believe businesses have done a good job or a poor job ensuring that society has access to the latest scientific and technological developments?
66% Total good job
23% Total poor job
11% Good job – strongly
55% Good job – somewhat
20% Poor job – somewhat
3% Poor job – strongly
Switching topics slightly…
Q10. How important do you believe it is for government to dedicate time and resources to each of the following? [RANDOMIZE]
|Very important||Somewhat important||Not very important||Not at all important||Unsure||Total important||Total not important|
|Improving the economy||76%||20%||2%||1%||1%||96%||3%|
|Ensuring quality and affordable healthcare for all||76%||19%||3%||1%||1%||95%||3%|
|Planning for future pandemics||67%||26%||4%||1%||2%||93%||5%|
|Improving mental health services||59%||33%||5%||1%||2%||92%||6%|
|Deploying vaccines to the entire population||64%||24%||6%||3%||3%||88%||8%|
|Combating climate change||59%||29%||7%||3%||2%||88%||10%|
|Reducing illegal drug use||58%||29%||8%||2%||2%||87%||10%|
|Encouraging healthier eating habits||46%||40%||10%||2%||2%||86%||12%|
|Reducing smoking rates||38%||37%||16%||5%||3%||76%||21%|
Switching topics and thinking specifically about smoking issues…
Q11. [IF S7=“REGULARLY USE” OR “OCCASIONALLY USE, ASK:] Please indicate whether or not you expect each of the following to give you encouragement to stop smoking: [RANDOMIZE] [% YES RESPONSES ARE SHOWN BELOW]
71% Family members
63% Public health organizations
55% Personal trainer/fitness coach
31% Community leaders
29% Government officials
23% (Some/other) people say that ALL that is needed is more regulation and taxation on cigarettes in order to make this country smoke-free.
58% (Other/some) people say that more regulation and taxation on cigarettes is NOT ENOUGH to make this country smoke-free.
As you go through this survey, there will be a number of references to smoke-free or alternative products. Smoke-free products are meant to encompass alternative products for adult smokers which do not burn tobacco or produce smoke like cigarettes. Examples of these products include e-cigarettes and products that heat tobacco instead of burning it to produce a vapor. These products are not risk-free and contain nicotine, which is addictive.
Public health experts believe that these products have the potential to reduce the risk to users as compared to continued smoking and should be widely available for smokers to use instead of cigarettes. Others disagree, saying the science has not been fully proven and they could be appealing to non-smokers.
Q13. Have you ever heard of or are you aware of something called an e-cigarette, also referred to as an electronic cigarette or a vape?
Q14. Have you ever heard of or are you aware of products that heat tobacco instead of burning it, also referred to as heat-not-burn tobacco products?
Q15. [IF Q13=“YES” OR Q14=”YES”, ASK:] And, in the past six months have you seen, read, or heard something about e-cigarettes or heat-not-burn tobacco products?
Q16. [IF Q15=“YES”, ASK:] And, did what you saw, read, or heard about e-cigarettes or heat-not-burn tobacco products cause any confusion about these products? In other words, did you receive any conflicting or unclear information about either e-cigarettes or heat-not-burn tobacco products?
Q17. Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Smokers who would otherwise continue smoking cigarettes should have access to, and accurate information about, smoke-free alternatives which are scientifically proven to be better than continued smoking.
77% Total agree
13% Total disagree
36% Strongly agree
40% Somewhat agree
8% Somewhat disagree
5% Strongly disagree
Q18. Please indicate whether you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Encouraging adult smokers who would otherwise continue to smoke cigarettes to completely switch to smoke-free alternative products can complement other efforts to reduce the societal harm caused by smoking cigarettes.
71% Total agree
18% Total disagree
26% Strongly agree
45% Somewhat agree
11% Somewhat disagree
7% Strongly disagree
Q19. Do you support or oppose tobacco companies working with governments, regulators, and public health experts to ensure that smokers have access to and accurate information about alternative products like e-cigarettes and heat-not-burn tobacco products?
68% Total support
20% Total oppose
28% Strongly support
39% Somewhat support
12% Somewhat oppose
9% Strongly oppose
Q20. Do you believe the government needs to consider the role alternative products can play in making this country smoke-free?
73% Total yes
16% Total no
29% Yes – definitely
5% No – definitely
I would be more likely to consider switching to alternative products like e-cigarettes and heat-not-burn tobacco products if I had clarity on how these products differ from cigarettes and the science behind them.
76% Total agree
18% Total disagree
35% Strongly agree
41% Somewhat agree
9% Somewhat disagree
8% Strongly disagree
Q22. If it was possible to end cigarette sales within 10-15 years in this country by having all smokers quit tobacco and nicotine altogether, and those who don’t switch to scientifically proven alternative products, do you believe the government should dedicate time and resources to making this a reality?
67% Total yes
21% Total no
27% Yes – definitely
7% No – definitely not
D1. Do you have a university-level education?
D2. [IF D1=“YES”, ASK:] Do you have a post-graduate or advanced degree in law, medicine, science, engineering, or technology? [MULTIPLE SELECT]
5% Yes – LAW
4% Yes – MEDICINE
9% Yes – SCIENCE
13% Yes – ENGINEERING
10% Yes - TECHNOLOGY
62% No [EXCLUSIVE]
D3. In what class do you consider your household to be?
2% High income
15% Upper middle income
53% Middle income
22% Lower middle income
8% Low income
SAMPLE: N=22,507 GENERAL POPULATION ADULTS, AGES 21+ (APPROXIMATELY N=1,100 IN EACH OF 20 COUNTRIES). A BOOSTER SAMPLE WAS USED TO SECURE N=200 ADDITIONAL ADULT SMOKER INTERVIEWS IN EACH MARKET.
GEOGRAPHY: ARGENTINA, AUSTRALIA, BRAZIL, GERMANY, HONG KONG, ISRAEL, ITALY, JAPAN, KOREA, MEXICO, NETHERLANDS, NORWAY, PHILIPPINES, RUSSIA, SOUTH AFRICA, SPAIN, TAIWAN, UNITED KINGDOM, UNITED STATES, VIETNAM.
MARGIN OF ERROR: ±1%
WEIGHTING: AT A MARKET LEVEL BY AGE, GENDER, REGION, AND TOBACCO PRODUCT USAGE.
FIELDWORK DATES: 8 - 24 DECEMBER 2020
RESEARCH SUPPLIER: POVADDO
COMMISSIONED BY: PHILIP MORRIS INTERNATIONAL
Note: Results may not total 100% due to rounding.
March 15, 2021
Povaddo survey results
15 March 2021